Transforming Pacifists into Warmongers? SeparatistMovement, State Repression, and the Politics ofFraming Terrorism in Nigeria: Evidence from IPOB andYoruba Nation’s Freedom Frontiers
While the post-9/11 event has animated how state actors frame terrorism, contemporary studies have failed to address the politics inherent in prescribing, repressing, and labelling separatist movements as terrorists. This paper explores the politics of framing terrorism using the contemporary self-determination struggles advanced by the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) and the Yoruba Nation’s freedom frontiers. The study proposes a United Nations-coordinated global framework for regulating and evaluating states' activities identifying specific groups as terrorists. Taking such a stance would prevent aggrieved agitators from being persecuted by the state in the name of terror.