- Main applicant: Dr E.T. Aloyo (The Hague Institute for Global Justice, the Netherlands)
- Co-applicants: Dr K. Ringera (International Peace Initiatives, Kenya), Professor E. Newman (University of Leeds, United Kingdom) and Dr S. Nasar (University of Birmingham, United Kingdom)
The aim of this project is to develop a new, evidence-based toolkit for Dutch, US, and UN policy makers and influential non-state actors who focus on preventing and responding to mass atrocities (genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and ethnic cleansing) in fragile and conflict-affected settings (FCAS) by unlocking research determining the probabilities of which policies are most likely to prevent and mitigate mass atrocities and assessing the ethical implications of various policies.
Despite the great resources states spend on policies aimed at preventing mass atrocities, there is no policy toolbox that (1) provides policy makers with probabilities of which tools are most likely to be effective and (2) an ethical assessment of the likely tradeoffs of various options. This project aims to fill this gap. The project will analyze, summarize, and unlock the latest empirical social science research on (1) development policy, (2) negotiations, (3) sanctions, (4) non-violent protests, (5) armed humanitarian intervention, (6) UN peacekeeping, and (7) the role of political participation and institutions such as national constitutions have in preventing civil war and mass atrocities. Through case studies on Kenya and Syria, concrete pathways of policy successes and failures will be illustrated.