- Main applicant: Professor T. Brück (The Hague Institute for Global Justice, the Netherlands)
- Consortium members: Dr. D. Connolly, Dr. N. Ferguson & T. Buitelaar ((The Hague Institute for Global Justice, the Netherlands), Dr. E.E.M. Nillesen (UNU-Merit), INES-Ruhengeri, and Pan-African Chamber of Commerce and Industry
This project will improve our understanding of how economic variables and stability are interrelated and how aid interventions may improve both development and stability, which are key knowledge gaps at present. We will proceed by assessing the impacts of two types of employment intervention - those focusing on job creation and those boosting employment training - on stability and on economic outcomes and opportunities across Africa and in Afghanistan and Yemen. To do so, we will first create a database of employment interventions, including their size, aims, location and success. We then match this database to local economic and stability indicators, which we will statistically analyse to evaluate four main research questions:
- Do interventions have short-, medium- or long-term impacts on economic opportunity or outcomes?
- Do interventions have short-, medium- or long-term impacts on stability, and at which levels of disaggregation (i.e. individual, household, community)?
- Do heterogeneous treatment effects exist? (e.g. by type of employment intervention, target group, institutional environment, etc.)
- What are the underlying causal mechanisms leading from interventions to improvements in stability and/or economic outcomes?
Our programme will include a series of workshops in communities that have been recipients of employment interventions, a private-sector-supported 'study tour' with entrepreneurs and business leaders, and consultations with stakeholders. Such participatory methods with relevant stakeholders enable us to evaluate and disseminate our findings, correlate our results with real-life experiences, tailor our research to the needs to practitioners and to impact on processes of capacity building and policy formulation.