Research consortium

  • Main applicant: Dr. A. Mehari Haile (UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, the Netherlands)
  • Co-applicants: Dr K. Qayoum (Kabul University, Afghanistan),  Dr F.W.M. van Steenbergen (Meta Meta, the Netherlands)

Project information

Water disputes are a major security issue in Afghanistan and in several areas impediment to agricultural development. This is exacerbated with the development of new water abstraction systems. This research will investigate the current systems of water rights, the way that are settled and codified, focusing on irrigated areas in Nimroz, Afghanistan. From this, a guidance document for codifying water rights and distribution rules shall be created - as shared output of a Learning Group - that is meant to operationalize the Water Law. A comparison for deeper insight will be made with the system in a similar area in neighbouring Pakistan.

Research questions are:

  • What is the existing system of water rights and distribution rules as well as conflict resolution mechanisms in spate irrigation areas?
  • What are the changes in (informal) local water institutions, water rights and water governance after three decades of disturbance?
  • What has been the effect of the Water Law on water rights and allocation?
  • What arrangements would contribute to larger security and rule of law in the water systems?

Project results